Selected Articles by Topic

Design of taxation

“The Structure of Indirect Taxation and Economic Efficiency” (with J E Stiglitz), Journal of Public Economics, 1972, vol 1: 97-119.

“Pigou, Taxation and Public Goods” (with N H Stern), Review of Economic Studies, 1974, vol 41: 119-128.

“The Design of Tax Structure: Direct Versus Indirect Taxation” (with J E Stiglitz), Journal of Public Economics, 1976, vol 6: 55-75.

“Welfare Implications of the Taxation of Savings” (with A Sandmo), Economic Journal, 1980, vol 90: 529-549.

“The Design of Direct Taxation and Family Benefits” (with F Bourguignon), Journal of Public Economics, 1990, vol 41: 3-29.


Distribution of income

“What is Happening to the Distribution of Income in the UK?”, Proceedings of the British Academy, 1993, vol 82: 317-353.

“Bringing Income Distribution in From the Cold,” Economic Journal, 1997, vol 107: 297-321.

“Is Rising Inequality Inevitable? A Critique of the Transatlantic Consensus”, WIDER Annual Lectures 3, WIDER, Helsinki, 2000.

“Income Inequality in OECD Countries: Data and Explanations”, CESifo Economic Studies, 2003, vol 49: 479-513.

“The Long Run Earnings Distribution in Five Countries: Remarkable Stability, U, V or W?”, Review of Income and Wealth, 2007, series 53: 1-24.


Distribution of wealth

“The Distribution of Wealth and the Individual Life-Cycle”, Oxford Economic Papers, July 1971, vol 23: 239-254.

“Inheritance and the Redistribution of Wealth” in Public Policy and the Tax System – Essays in Honour of James Meade (eds. G A Hughes and G M Heal), Allen and Unwin, 1981.

“Trends in the Shares of Top Wealth-Holders in Britain, 1923-1981” (with J P F Gordon and A J Harrison), Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 1989, vol 51: 315-332.

“Concentration among the rich” in Personal wealth from a global perspective (ed. J B Davies), Oxford University Press, 2008, 64-89.


Economics of the welfare state

“Is the Welfare State necessarily an obstacle to economic growth?”, European Economic Review, 1995, vol 39: 723-730.

“The Welfare State and Economic Performance”, National Tax Journal, 1995, vol 48: 171-198.

“The Welfare State, Budgetary Pressure and Labour Market Shifts”, Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 2000, vol 102: 445-462.

“Labour Market Flexibility and the Welfare State” in Economics for an Imperfect World (eds. R Arnott, B Greenwald, R Kanbur and B Nalebuff), MIT Press, 2003, 349-365.

“The economics of the welfare state in today’s world”, International Tax and Public Finance, 2008, vol 15: 5-17.


EU social policy

“Towards a European Social Safety Net”, Fiscal Studies, 1992, vol 13: 51-53.

“Microsimulation of Social Policy in the European Union: Case Study of a European Minimum Pension” (with F Bourguignon, C O’Donoghue, H Sutherland and F Utili), Economica, 2002, vol 69: 229-243.

“Social Europe and Social Science”, Social Policy and Society, 2003, vol 2: 261-272.

“Indicators and Targets for Social Inclusion in the European Union” (with E Marlier and B Nolan), Journal of Common Market Studies, 2004, vol 44: 47-75.


Global public economics

“Poverty and Inclusion from a World Perspective” (with F Bourguignon) in Governance, Equity and Global Markets, La Documentation Française, 2000, 179-192.

“Globalization and the European Welfare State at the Opening and the Closing of the Twentieth Century” in Europe and Globalization (ed. H Kierzkowski), Macmillan, 2002, 249-273.

“Global Public Finance and Funding the Millennium Development Goals”, De Economist, 2006, vol 154: 325-339.

“Indicators of poverty and social exclusion in a global context” (with E Marlier), Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2010, vol 29: 285-304.

“Giving overseas and public policy”, Journal of Public Economics, 2009, vol 93: 647-653.


Health economics

“Methods and Preliminary Findings in Assessing the Economic and Health Services Consequences of Smoking, with Particular Reference to Lung Cancer” (with T W Meade), Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 1974, Series A, vol 137: 297-312.

“Smoking and the Economics of Government Intervention” in The Economics of Health and Medical Care (ed. M Perlman), Macmillan, 1974, 428-441.

Measuring health output, productivity and equity: future challenges, Office of Health Economics, 15th Annual Lecture, 2010.

“Income, health and multidimensionality” in Between the social and the spatial (eds. K De Boyser, C Dewilde, D Dierckx and J. Friedrichs (editors), Ashgate, 2009, 21-34.

“Health inequality, health inequity and health spending” in Inequalities in Health (eds. N Eyal, S A Hurst, O F Norheim and D Wikler), Oxford University Press, 2013, 27-36.


Macro-economics and distribution

“Macroeconomics and the Distribution of Income” in Markets, Unemployment and Public Policy (eds. P Arestis, G Palma and M Sawyer), Routledge, 1997, 207-221.

“EMU, Macroeconomics and Children”, Innocenti Occasional Paper, EPS 68, UNICEF, 1999.

“From earnings dispersion to income inequality” (with A Brandolini) in Inequality and Economic Integration (eds. F Farina and E Savaglio), Routledge, 2006, 35-62.

“Factor shares: The principal problem of political economy?”, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 2009, vol 25(1): 3-16.


Measurement of inequality and poverty

“On the Measurement of Inequality”, Journal of Economic Theory, September 1970, vol 2: 244-263.

“More on the measurement of inequality”, Journal of Economic Inequality, 2008, vol 6: 277-283 (paper written in 1973).

“The Comparison of Multi-Dimensioned Distributions of Economic Status” (with F Bourguignon), Review of Economic Studies, 1982, vol 49: 183-201.

“On the Measurement of Poverty”, Econometrica, l987, vol 55: 749-764

“Multidimensional Deprivation: Contrasting Social Welfare and Counting Approaches”, Journal of Economic Inequality, 2003, vol 1: 51-65.

“On analyzing the world distribution of income” (with A Brandolini), World Bank Economic Review, 2010, vol 24: 1-17.


On data

“On the Reliability of Income Data in the Family Expenditure Survey” (with J Micklewright), Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 1983, Series A, vol 146: 33-61.

“Promise and Pitfalls in the Use of ‘Secondary Data Sets’: Income Inequality in OCED Countries as a Case Study” (with A Brandolini), Journal of Economic Literature, 2001, vol 39: 771-799.

“The Luxembourg Income Study (LIS): past, present and future”, Socio-Economic Review, 2004, vol 2: 165-190.

“On data: a case study of the evolution of income inequality across time and across countries” (with A Brandolini), Cambridge Journal of Economics, 2009, vol 33: 381-404.


Policies to combat poverty in the UK

“Integrating Income Taxation and Social Security: Analysis of a Partial Basic Income” (with H Sutherland) in Frontiers of Economic Research (ed. P Deane), Macmillan, 1990, 84-100.

“Promise and Performance: Why We Need an Official Poverty Report” in Living as Equals (ed. P Barker), Oxford University Press, 1996, 123-142.

“The Case for a Participation Income”, Political Quarterly, 1996, vol 67: 67-70.

“Stress-testing the Welfare State”, in Rettferd og politik Festskrift til Hilde Bojer (eds. B Ofstad, O Bjerkholt, K Skrede and A Hylland), Emiliar Forlag, 2009, 31-39.

“The case for universal child benefit” in Fighting poverty, inequality and injustice (eds. A Walker, A Sinfield and C Walker), Policy Press, 2011, 79-90.


Public economics

“Public Economics and the Economic Public”, European Economic Review, 1990, vol 34: 225-248.

“The Mirrlees Review and the state of public economics”, Journal of Economic Literature, 2012, vol 50: 770-780.

“Public economics after The Idea of Justice, Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 2012, vol 13: 521-536.


Top incomes

“Top incomes in the UK over the 20th century”, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 2005, series A, vol 168: 325-343.

“Top incomes in the long run of history” (with T Piketty and E Saez), Journal of Economic Literature, 2011, vol 49: 3-71.

“The distribution of top earnings in the U.K. since the Second World War” (with S Voitchovsky), Economica, 2011, vol 78: 440-459.

“The top 1 per cent in international and historical perspective” (with F Alvaredo, T Piketty and E Saez), Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2013, vol 27: 3-20.


Unemployment compensation

“Unemployment Benefit, Duration and Incentives in Britain” (with J Gomulka, J Micklewright and N Rau), Journal of Public Economics, 1984, vol 23: 3-26.

“Tightening the Screw: Benefits for the Unemployed 1979-1988” (with J Micklewright) in The Economics of Social Security (eds. A W Dilnot and I Walker), Oxford University Press, 1989, 17-51.

“Income Maintenance for the Unemployed in Britain and the Response to High Unemployment”, Ethics, 1990, vol 100: 569-585.

“Unemployment Compensation and Labor Market Transitions: A Critical Review” (with J Micklewright), Journal of Economic Literature, 1991, vol 29: 1679-1727.

“Institutional Features of Unemployment Insurance and the Working of the Labour Market” in Economic Aspects of Markets and Games (eds. P Dasgupta, D Gale, E Maskin and O Hart), MIT Press, 1992, 82-106.


Welfare economics

“The Commitment to Equality” in Socialism in a Cold Climate (ed. J A G Griffith), 1983, 22-36.

“The Strange Disappearance of Welfare Economics”, Kyklos, 2001, vol 54: 193-206.

“Economics as a moral science”, Economica, 2009, vol 76: 791-804.

“The restoration of welfare economics”, American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings, 2011, vol 101: 157-161.